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Mouth Ulcer

Mouth Ulcer Symptoms and Best Home Remedy

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Mouth Ulcer Symptoms and Signs

Mouth ulcer symptoms are different as per ulcer type, and ulcer usually is seen on the movable parts of the mouth. It is generally seen on the tongue, the lining of lips, cheeks, and at the base of the gums. The sores begin as small oval or round red swellings on the skin in one of the locations described above. At this stage, people will often feel a burning or tingling sensation, which are the most common symptoms of mouth ulcers.

After one day, the red swelling bursts open. The ruptured sores are covered by a thin white. Or yellow membrane and edged by a red, inflamed border. Generally, the wounds heal within two weeks without scarring. 

Mouth Ulcer Symptoms

Mouth Ulcer Symptoms

Mouth ulcers are easily identifiable by their appearance. A mouth ulcer will be:

  • round or oval in shape
  • white, yellow or grey in color
  • inflamed around the edge

Most mouth ulcers usually occur on:

  • the inside of the lips
  • the inside of the cheeks
  • the floor of the mouth
  • the under the surface of the tongue
  • It is rare to get a mouth ulcer on the roof of your mouth

Prevention and Best Home Remedy For Mouth Ulcer

Mouth ulcers are difficult to prevent because the exact cause is still unknown. A fact is that a low immune system and genetic hereditary cause mouth ulcers. There are some measures to reduce the risk of getting mouth ulcer(s). Below you can find tips on how to prevent and reduce the risk of mouth ulcers forming.

Healthy Varied Diet

  • Eat a healthy varied and well-balanced diet of fruit and vegetables
  • Drink plenty of water each day
  • Avoid food or drinks that are hot, spicy or acidic
  • Reduce sweet and sugar consumption
  • Limit alcohol use
  • Take vitamin B-complex and folic acid (especially people with recurrent mouth ulcer and immune deficiency)

Good oral hygiene

  • Brushing teeth and floss twice a day
  • Regular dental care/check up’s (minimum twice a year)
  • Proper cleaning of the tongue


  • Avoid or reduce stress
  • Reduce or stop smoking

What is a mouth ulcer?

Mouth ulcers are painful sores in the oral mucous membrane. They usually have an oval or round shape and a diameter of three to four millimeters. A mouth ulcer is grey, white, or yellow in color with a red, inflamed edge.

They appear on the inside of the cheek, lips, gums, or under the tongue. Mouth ulcers can occur singly or in groups and usually disappear within one or two weeks. There are three types of mouth ulcers, minor ulcer, major ulcer, and herpetiform ulcers. Sometimes mouth ulcers are very persistent and keep coming back; this is called recurrent oral ulceration (ROU).

Mouth Ulcer Symptoms

Mouth Ulcer

Mouth ulcers cause a stinging pain and burning sensation when eating acids or hot spicy food. Mouth ulcers are a typical oral lesion, and many people will suffer at least once in their life. They are particularly common among children under the age of 15. Mouth ulcers are not contagious or damaging to your health. The cause of mouth ulcers is still unclear to this day. 

Mouth ulcers are also known as:

  • Aphthous ulcers
  • Canker sores
  • Oral ulcer
  • Recurrent oral ulceration

Types of Mouth Ulcer

Mouth ulcers occur in several forms. They can appear anywhere in the mouth, except for the hard palate and top of the tongue or lips. There are three main types of mouth ulcers:

The minor ulcer is the most common form of mouth ulcer, around 80% of all mouth ulcer cases. They commonly have a diameter between 2 and 8 millimeters and are not bigger than 10mm in size. Minor ulcers appear singly and heal naturally within 7 to 14 days.

  • Less than one centimeters in diameter
  • May appear singly or in groups
  • Heals naturally within 7 to 14 days
  • Leaves no scar
Mouth Ulcer

Mouth Ulcer

Major ulcers are less common, 10% of the cases. Major ulcers have a diameter greater than 10mm, and usually only one or two appear at a time. They are very painful and sensitive and may take anywhere between 10-30 days to heal and may leave a scar after they treat. Major ulcers are less common, around 10% of all mouth ulcers.

  • Greater than one centimeters in diameter
  • Appear one or two at a time
  • May take several weeks or even months to heal
  • May leave a scar after they heal

Herpetiform form as multiple, pinhead-sized sores. The number of ulcers can range from five to 100. These small cysts often fuse together to make large, irregular shaped lesions. Which is very painful. Around 5-10% of mouth ulcers are herpetiform. Herpetiform ulcers are not related to the herpes virus.

  • Irregular shape
  • Appear in large numbers or clusters
  • The healing process takes two weeks to a month

The cause of Mouth Ulcer

The exact cause of mouth ulcers is still not thoroughly understood. Mouth ulcers are most common among people between the ages of 10 to 40 years. They often appear when the body’s immune system is weak or compromised, with mouth injury or by stress.

There are a lot of factors that can trigger or cause a mouth ulcer to develop. Other possible causes are infection with a virus or bacteria, dental problems, and eating a particular food. The appearance of mouth ulcers can mean that your immune system is low or are a sign of an impending disease. For now, mouth ulcer treatment is based on relieving the pain and boosting the healing process.

Below you can find a list of factors that can cause or trigger mouth ulcers.  

Common causes of Mouth Ulcer

The most common causes of mouth ulcer is a weak or compromised immune system, mouth injury, and stress.

Variety of Factors

Although the exact cause of mouth ulcers is unclear, there are a variety of factors that can cause or trigger mouth ulcers:

  • Biting the inside of your cheek, lip or tongue
  • Sharp or broken tooth
  • Poorly fitted dentures
  • Using a toothbrush that is too hard
  • Toothpaste containing sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS)
  • Hypersensitivity to certain foods
  • Inherited
  • Vitamin deficiency, especially B-complex
  • Low immunity
  • Bacterial or viral infection
  • Hormonal changes
  • Medicines
  • Anxiety
  • Stress
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Spicy food
  • Alcohol
  • Some medicines
  • Smoking
  • Allergy

Risk groups of Mouth Ulcer

Mouth ulcers are common oral lesions, and anyone can get them. Many people suffer from mouth ulcers at least once in their lifetime. Some people seem more susceptible to mouth ulcers than others.

Mouth ulcers occur most frequently among children and young adults at the age of 10-25 years old. Most rarely, they occur at the age of 50 years and older. 


Mouth ulcers affect both genders but are more common with females. Women are more prone to mouth ulcers than men due to changes in their hormone levels. They are likely to develop oral ulcers during the pregnancy or after the menopause, at the beginning of a period. 


Mouth ulcers are most common among children and young adults in the age between 10 and 20.


Mouth ulcers are fairly uncommon, with adult people above 30. The chance of getting mouth ulcers reduces as we age. People above 50 rarely get mouth ulcers.


People who are particularly prone to mouth ulcers often find that a close member of his family also experiences them. The tendency to develop mouth ulcers usually runs in families. 

Immune System

People with a low immune system due to health problems or medication are more susceptible to getting mouth ulcers.

All you need to know about Mouth Ulcers Home Remedy

The definition of a mouth ulcer is the erosion or loosening of some of the tissue that is present inside your mouth. Some of the things that cause this problem, which requires mouth ulcers treatment are chemical substances, improper medication, and other types of infections such as herpes, as an example.

But more often than not, people frequently get mouth ulcers by accidentally biting the tissue in their mouths more than any other way possible. The one thing you need to know about mouth ulcers is that they really aren’t all that serious, so you don’t have to fear any miserable side effects from having them in your mouth.

They can go away smoothly by following a mouth ulcer treatment after just a matter of a few days. There is another thing called aft ulcers. Which are ulcers that recur a great deal, and no one knows what the cause of them is? This type of ulcer affects about 20% of the world’s population. It’s recommended that you get a medical consultation if the mouth ulcer treatment that you attempt on your own doesn’t work.

You should also get some professional help if they just happened to keep appearing more and more frequently. Some of the best mouth ulcers treatment available are items that you can find right over-the-counter in your local pharmacy or drug store. There are items like coconut oil, Sage tea and sea salt that can help you out a great deal with relieving you of the pain that you feel from these mouth ulcers as well as healing the infection that they often cause inside of your mouth.

So do yourself a favor and try some of these mouth ulcers treatment on your own before you even see a doctor. Especially if your problem isn’t recurring, and it only happens once in a blue moon.

Mouth Ulcers best Home Remedy and Treatment

I’ve always known a few people with mouth ulcers treatment problems. And those people were usually furious and frustrated on the days where their mouth ulcers were present and infected. Do you know anybody who is having regular mouth ulcer problems? If so, here are a few tips you can give that will provide them with quick relief to their ulcer pain.

The first thing you want to try is to rinse your mouth out many times a day with warm water filled with half a teaspoon of sea salt. This is an excellent way to get rid of the bacteria in your mouth and should provide you with some much-needed relief and is a quality mouth ulcer treatment.

Sea salt for Mouth Ulcer – Home Remedy

The Sea salt is a mild antiseptic, so when you regularly rinse your mouth with this warm water solution, it will cleanse your gums and help keep them healthy. Another high-quality natural mouth ulcer treatment remedy is the resin from the myrrh tree. People have been using this for centuries to help heal their mouth ulcers because it has antimicrobial and antiseptic properties, which will help improve your extremely irritated mucous membranes.

What you need to do is take a capsule of powdered myrrh and directly apply it to the ulcers in your mouth several times a day. Another excellent mouth rinse for mouth ulcer treatment is sea salt and sage tea mix solution. The combination of these two items helps relieve inflammation, and they are also an antiseptic, which will significantly help promote healing.

You need to pour 250 mL of boiling water directly over 2 teaspoons of dried sage. Then you want to cover it and let it simmer for a total of 15 minutes. Once that’s done, you’ll need to add half a teaspoon of sea salt and stir it exceptionally well. And finally, use around 60 mL of the mixture once you finish brushing your teeth and swirl around in your mouth.

Coconut Oil – A Holistic Mouth Ulcer Home Remedy

One of the best mouth ulcers treatment available today is coconut oil. The reason it is so effective is that it kills the bacteria that causes this problem in the first place. Coconut oil is also good for other things such as cavities, throat infections, and gum disease.

Coconut Oil

Coconut Oil

And if you haven’t noticed, the Pacific Islanders that eat mostly a coconut-based diet have excellent dental hygiene, and it’s infrequent for them the suffer from mouth ulcers even though it’s not a common practice for them to floss or brush their teeth.

As I said, an enormous mouth ulcer treatment is coconut oil, and one of the driving factors behind that is it helps seriously reduce the pain that a person feels when suffering from mouth ulcers.

It can instantly reduce this pain just by taking a tablespoon of coconut oil and holding it in your mouth on top of the ulcer for about a minute. The pain will soon melt away, and the relief will last for quite a while too.

The reason it lasts is it contains medium-chain fatty acids, which are rapidly absorbed into your body and will seriously help your healing process accelerate that much faster.

Coconut oil works as a mouth ulcers treatment because it contains antifungal, antiviral and antibacterial properties which will combat all of the various unwanted things that may thrive in a person’s mouth that cause these particular type of ulcers.

Plus, another great benefit is the medium-chain fatty acids also help boost the person’s immune system to help fight off these viruses and infections.

A Brief Overview of Mouth Ulcers Causes and Home Remedy

A mouth ulcer is either an open sore developed on the inner side of the mouth. Or a laceration in the mucous membrane of the mouth. Mostly they have a small and round appearance.

They can cause severe pain and can impede your oral activities. Their two main types are aphthous ulcers (canker sores) and cold sores. Whenever you are experiencing any of the types mentioned above, certain foods like pepper can generate severe pain.

Usually, they come in crops of three or four and can generally last for a few days or even a week. Some individuals experience them regularly, while others may dig up the occasional ulcer once in a year.

Mouth ulcer reasons

Amongst the various reasons for this problem, one of the biggest is emotional stress. When you are feeling any stress, you are more prone to have an oral ulcer. So if you want yourself to remain away from this trouble, you do have to make yourself stress-free.

Regarding diet and nutrition, there are more than a few reasons, mainly if recurrent mouth ulcers are a difficulty. Some people can be anemic i.e., lacking sufficient iron or folic acid. Perhaps, Zinc insufficiency is one of the major nutritional grounds.

So, Zinc lozenges can be considered as very suitable, mainly if there aren’t any dental issues. There are a good number of patients, suffering from recurring ulcers, having food allergies or hypersensitivities. So if you notice to have an allergic relationship with any foodstuff, then you have to minimize its usage for your long term benefit.

The second leading reason for this problem is the unintentional damage to your gums, tongue, or inner cheek lining. For instance, eating hot foods, mistakenly biting cheek lining or tongue. A pointed broken tooth and badly-fitting dentures may all be contributory factors.

For some women, they are more expected to occur before their menstrual period. This perhaps suggests that hormones like estrogen and progesterone have a substantial effect in this domain.

Also, a decline in the stress hormone “Cortisol” can well be involved, this is for the reason that Cortisol is one of the most vital anti-inflammatory bodily hormones formed by the adrenal gland in stressful conditions.

After constant stress, Cortisol becomes exhausted, which can leave the individual more susceptible to inflammatory conditions like mouth ulcers.

Another reason you may develop this discomfort is that you have a primary medical condition such as Celiac disease, Ulcerative colitis, or Crohn’s disease. Now, if you do have such an underlying medical state for which you are consuming a pharmaceutical drug, then this might be the reason for it.

A good number of pharmaceutical drugs induce a burning sensation in the mouth and digestive path, particularly if taken incorrectly. So consult your doctor if you are making a pharmaceutical drug and believe this to be the only reason for your problem. Although these types of causes for mouth ulceration are infrequent, if your problem is not departing, you should necessarily consult your medical doctor.

Chemicals like alcohol or aspirin that come in direct contact with the mucous membrane of the mouth may cause necrosis (premature loss of living tissues), forming an ulcerated surface. Similarly, Sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS), one of the key components of most toothpaste, has been found to have any involvement in the increased occurrence of this oral disorder.

Within a week of smokers quit smoking, many people have frequent mouth ulcers for smokers. The time duration varies from individual to individual and may range from a month to even a year.

Why treat mouth ulcers? 

Although mouth ulcers will disappear eventually by themselves, they can cause a lot of pain and discomfort, and it takes a while for them to heal. Especially when you have mouth ulcers occasionally, and they keep returning throughout the year. 

  • Mouth ulcers cause a lot of pain and discomfort
  • Can interfere in your daily activities (eating, drinking, speaking, etc.)
  • Mouth ulcers can be embarrassing
  • The mouth ulcer can get infected or get more damaged
  • It takes a long time to heal

When to see your doctor or dentist?

Although mouth ulcers are not damaging to your health in some cases, they can be a sign of an infection or impending disease.

  • If the mouth ulcers have not disappeared after two weeks
  • If you often have problems with mouth ulcers
  • If you think that your medication causes your mouth sores
  • If the mouth ulcer starts to bleed
  • When you have a sudden outbreak of mouth ulcers accompanied by a fever
  • If you think that poorly fitted dentures cause your mouth sores

Facts about mouth ulcer

There are a lot of misconceptions about mouth ulcer, here are the most common listed below:

  • Mouth ulcers are not damaging to your health
  • Mouth sores are not contagious
  • A virus or bacteria do not cause mouth ulcers
  • Mouth ulcers only appear on the inside of the mouth
  • There is no cure for mouth ulcers available yet
  • Some people are more prone to getting mouth ulcers
  • The cause of mouth ulcers is still not thoroughly understood

Canker Sore Treatment – Difference between canker sores (mouth ulcer) and fever blisters (cold sore)

There are many differences between canker sores and cold sores. If you find out more about the features, you will easily distinguish and find the right methods that will lead to quick treatment and recovery.

You might even discover the preventive measures by knowing the causes and triggers. Here are some more tips on how to differentiate the two and what you can do to alleviate these conditions should you have them.

The Canker Sore: Mouth Ulcer Home Remedy

Canker sores appear yellow or white and painful sore in the mouth and are usually surrounded by a bright red area, which indicates inflammation. These are benign and not cancerous.

Canker sores are a basic form of ulcer in the mouth. These usually appear in women more often compared to men. These can also perform at any age, although they are initially present between 10 to 40 years old.

They will be found on the inner surface of the lips, soft palate, cheeks, tongue, and the base of the gums. The sores can also occur in families.

These are usually related to situations that are related to the body’s immune system or defense system. Due to injury to your teeth, doing dental work or cutting cheeks, tongue, or lips, there may be wounds after injuries to your mouth.

They are usually due to emotional stress, menstrual cycle, deficiency of vitamin B12, dietary problems, folic acid and iron, food allergies, hormonal changes, and so on. These can also appear during viral infections. The cause may not be identified all the time.

Canker Sore Symptoms 

The initial symptoms are a burning or tingling sensation that you get before other symptoms arise. You can discover a painful red collision or spot that develops in an open ulcer.

The center usually appears white or yellow, whose measure is less than 1 cm, although it can be many times larger. You can get one or more bumps in this area. It may sore throat even before wounding.

About Cold Sores

Fever blisters or cold sores are common skin problems that happen in 15% to 30% of the United States population. The wounds are generally caused by the HSV or herpes simplex virus and are usually indicative of herpes simplex virus infection.

Fever blisters are triggered frequently by the HSV-1 or the herpes simplex virus type 1 compared to HSV-2. Over 85% of the population worldwide have experienced HSV-1 at one point. The first outbreak is usually very painful and will last longer than the following infections.

Cold Sores

Cold Sores

Symptoms of Cold Sores

The blisters usually appear red or purple and are filled with fluid. They look around the corners of the mouth or lips. If the blisters get up, they will collapse within a few days. A yellow crust usually develops on the wounds and will recover without stain in 2 weeks.

Other symptoms include sore throat, general body aches, fever, swelling lymph nodes, and lips and mouth ulceration. Canker painful treatment will then be different.

To conclude, cankers sores and fever blisters are mostly a result of improper skin management and hygiene. Are you sick and tired of dealing with the pain caused by canker sores? Finding the difference between the two will also help in preventive measures.

Are you sick and tired of dealing with the pain caused by canker sores?

The mouth ulcers are probably one of the most irregular oral conditions which disturb the people of every age, sex, and ethnicity. Despite all the bothersome symptoms brought on by canker sores, the good news is that there are canker sore treatments.

Are mouth ulcers contagious

One of the most common questions being asked is this: are mouth ulcers contagious. The people who are asking this question typically fall into two groups. (i) Parents who are worried about spreading the mouth ulcers to their kids, (ii) people who are concerned by kissing their partners and passing the mouth ulcer to them.

So, to prevent any unnecessary stress. Let me answer this question” are mouth ulcers contagious” in the most authentic way by quoting all the answers from doctors around the Web.

The common reason why people think that mouth ulcers are contagious is they got it mixed up with cold sores. As a reminder, a mouth ulcer is known as canker sores in the US as mouth ulcers is a UK term. If you compared canker sores with cold sores, some might be mistaken that they are the same thing.

The fact is they are not. Cold sore is the symptom of herpes and is caused by herpes simplex viruses. Cold sores are infectious, and they can spread among friends and kids. Hence, if you have cold sores, please avoid coming into contact with your loved ones to prevent spreading the disease to them.

However, canker sores or mouth ulcers are not contagious, nor are they dangerous. It is safe to share the same food and even to kiss. I should know as I have mouth ulcers all the time, but my wife never has it even though we kissed all the time.

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